Greek has four cases, which means that three parts of speech – pronouns, nouns, and articles – each have up to four forms, depending on how they are used in a sentence.

Subject Pronouns

Subject pronouns, literally called “nominative personal pronouns” in Greek, indicate who or what is performing the action of a verb.

Type AB Verbs

Type AB verbs have the same endings as B1 verbs but only one conjugation for each grammatical person.

Type B1 Verbs

Greek type B1 verbs have two conjugations for three of the grammatical persons.