Γραμματικό γένος

Greek has three genders:

Masculine   Αρσενικό
Feminine   Θηλυκό
Neuter   Ουδέτερο

Because Greek is a case language, knowing the gender of every noun is even more important in Greek than in languages like French. Whereas in French, articles and adjectives have different forms to agree with the gender of their nouns, in Greek there are also different forms for each case the noun is used in – which means many more opportunities to make mistakes.

Fortunately, there are some things that make this slightly less daunting than it might seem at first.

First of all, the gender of the vast majority of nouns can be determined by the letter(s) they end in, similar to Spanish but unlike French which is far more whimsical.

Also, it seems to me that well over half of nouns are neuter, and while neuter nouns and feminine nouns do have their fair share of variations, it’s mostly the relatively few masculine nouns that require the most complicated agreement.

Here are the most common noun endings for each gender in the nominative and accusative cases. Note that only masculine nouns have different forms in these two cases: all three endings lose -ς in the accusative.

    Ονομαστική   Αιτιατική
Αρσενικό   -ος

Ουδέτερο   -ο



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